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Labor Market Area
Most of the demographic and workforce data that follow include totals for the community's labor market area. The map below is provided for you reference.
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Labor market counties are composed of counties which exist within a 60-minute drive range of the originating county’s county seat. A county will be included within the radius if the centroid point of a county (a point representing the center of the geographic area of a county) falls within the drive zone. Additionally, all contiguous counties will be classified as part of the labor market with the exception of non-Kentucky contiguous counties which have been excluded by the above mentioned 60-minute drive range and have a border with the Mississippi and/or Ohio Rivers.

 


Dated Material

This document contains material that is continuously updated on the Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development's website.
For the most current information for this community please visit:


Contacts

Local

Larry Calhoun
Econ Dev Mgr, Economic Development Director
Harlan County Economic Development Authority
PO Box 956
Harlan, KY 40831
Phone: 6065732600
FAX: 6065733522
WEB: www.harlanonline.net
E-mail: larry.calhoun@harlanonline.net

State

John Bevington
Deputy Commissioner
Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development
Old Capitol Annex
300 West Broadway
Frankfort, KY 40601 USA

Phone: 502-564-7140 ext. 21942
Fax: 502-564-3256
Web: http:///www.thinkkentucky.com
Email: John.Bevington@ky.gov

 


 

Quick Facts

 
[Hlink_eussm]
  Industrial Electric Cost Per KWH, 2016
Kentucky $0.0549
U.S. $0.0675

 

Statistical Summary
  Population 2016
Harlan County 27,168
Labor Market Area 139,118
   
 
Per Capita Personal Income 2015 $27,920
Median Household Income 2016 $25,350
Median Home Price 2016 $45,000
   
  Unemployment Rate 2017
Harlan County 9.4%
Labor Market Area 8.1%
U.S. 4.4%
   
  Average Weekly Wage 2015
Harlan County $673
Labor Market Area $670
U.S. $1,018


 

 

Location

 

 

Selected Market Centers

Percent of U.S. Within 600 Miles of Harlan


Population
51%

Personal Income
49%

Retail Sales
50%

Manufacturing Employment
54%

Highway Distance to Selected Market Centers
    City Miles   City Miles   City Miles  
  1. Atlanta, GA 311 11. Dallas, TX 943 21. Nashville, TN 285  
  2. Baltimore, MD 500 12. Detroit, MI 495 22. New Orleans, LA 697  
  3. Birmingham, AL 356 13. Houston, TX 1,023 23. New York, NY 684  
  4. Boston, MA 893 14. Indianapolis, IN 339 24. Norfolk, VA 492  
  5. Buffalo, NY 629 15. Jacksonville, FL 591 25. Oklahoma City, OK 958  
  6. Charlotte, NC 243 16. Kansas City, MO 730 26. Omaha, NE 920  
  7. Chicago, IL 519 17. Lexington, KY 149 27. Philadelphia, PA 600  
  8. Cincinnati, OH 234 18. Louisville, KY 226 28. Pittsburgh, PA 425  
  9. Cleveland, OH 434 19. Memphis, TN 488 29. St. Louis, MO 488  
  10. Columbus, OH 294 20. Minneapolis, MN 926 30. Wichita, KS 927  
  Population Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, 2008 population estimate
Personal Income Source: 2007 Regional Economic Accounts, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), US Dept of Commerce
Retail Sales Source: 2002 Economic Census, US Census Bureau
Manufacturing Employment Source: 2007 County Business Patterns, US Census Bureau
Highway Distance Source: ESRI Arcview StreetMap, 2007
 

 


 

 

Sites

 
Available Industrial Sites
Click on a site point for details
      Min. Distance To  
    Site ID Site Name Total Ac. Largest Possible Tract Rail Interstate/Parkway Airport  
  Shovel-ready 193-001 Coal Fields Regional Industrial Park 235.8 143.7 No 10.7 110  

 


 

 

Buildings

 
Available Industrial Buildings
Click on a building point for details

This community currently has no available buildings.
Note: A "+" symbol following the building name denotes a secondary building.
Special Purpose Buildings

 


 

 

Demographics

 

 

  Total Population  
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016  
  Labor Market Area 146,103 144,475 142,773 140,963 139,118  
  Harlan County 28,715 28,562 28,098 27,613 27,168  
 Harlan1,7051,6931,6621,6341,606 
 Cumberland2,1862,1722,1352,0962,059 
  Source: U.S.  Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Estimates.  

  Population by Selected Age Groups, 2016  
    Harlan County Labor Market Area  
Number Percent Number Percent  
  Under 16 5,436 20.0 26,347 18.9  
  16-24 2,616 9.6 13,395 9.6  
  25-44 6,571 24.2 34,395 24.7  
  45-64 7,725 28.4 39,932 28.7  
  65-84 4,333 15.9 22,646 16.3  
  85 and older 487 1.8 2,403 1.7  
  Median Age 41.9   42.3    
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.  

  Population by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2016  
    Harlan County Labor Market Area  
Number Percent Number Percent  
  White 26,069 96.0 133,821 96.2  
  Black or African American 575 2.1 2,785 2.0  
  Am. Indian & Alaska Native 62 0.2 353 0.3  
  Asian 92 0.3 462 0.3  
  Native Hawaiian & other Pacific Islander 39 0.1 78 0.1  
  Other/Multirace 331 1.2 1,619 1.2  
  Hispanic Origin 236 0.9 1,471 1.1  
  Note: Hispanic is not a race category. A person can be white, black or African American, etc. and be of hispanic origin.
Source: U.S.  Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
 

  Population Projections  
    2020 2025 2030 2035  
  Harlan County 26,368 24,936 23,381 21,799  
  Source:  Kentucky State Data Center, University of Louisville.  

  Per Capita Personal Income 2015  
    2010 2015 Pct. Change  
  Harlan County $27,538 $27,920 1.4 %  
  Kentucky $33,031 $38,588 16.8 %  
  U.S. $40,277 $48,112 19.5 %  
  Labor Market Area Range $25,766- $31,893 $27,219- $35,148    
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.  

  Households  
    2016 2016  
  Number of Households Persons Per Household Median Household Income  
  Harlan County 11,429 2.39 $25,350  
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.  

 


 

 

Workforce

 

 

 

  Civilian Labor Force  
    Harlan County Labor Market Area  
  2017 Feb. 2018 2017 Feb. 2018  
  Civilian Labor Force 6,948 6,737 41,961 41,107  
  Employed 6,294 6,230 38,567 38,356  
  Unemployed 654 507 3,394 2,751  
  Unemployment Rate (%) 9.4 7.5 8.1 6.7  
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  
  Unemployment Rate (%)  
  Year Harlan County Labor Market Area Kentucky U.S.  
  2013 17.6 14.7 8.3 7.4  
  2014 13.9 11.0 6.5 6.2  
  2015 11.7 9.5 5.4 5.3  
  2016 12.1 10.1 5.0 4.9  
  2017 9.4 8.1 4.9 4.4  
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  
  Commuting Patterns  
  Residents of Harlan County 2014 Percent  
  Working and Residing In County 3,193 46.8  
  Commuting Out of County 3,626 53.2  
  Total Residents 6,819 100.0  
  Employees in  
  Working and Residing In County 3,193 54.3  
  Commuting Into County 2,692 45.7  
  Total Employees 5,885 100.0  
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Journey-To-Work & Migration Statistics Branch.  
  Note: Data for Kentucky and its border states only.  

 

     
  Average Weekly Wage, 2015  
    Harlan County Kentucky
(Statewide)
U.S.  
 Total All Industries$673$834$1,018 
 Total Private Industries6818311,017 
 Natural Resources and Mining1,2911,0751,124 
 Construction7879931,096 
 Manufacturing7321,0911,237 
 Trade, Transportation and Utilities510758852 
 Information7589441,829 
 Financial Activities6941,1691,691 
 Professional and Business Services7638781,332 
 Education and Health Services737878911 
 Leisure and Hospitality239312419 
 Other Services and Unclassified430591691 
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of the Labor Statistics.  

 


 

 

Education & Training

 

 

  Four-Year Colleges and Universities Within 60 Miles of Harlan  
  Institutions engaged in furnishing academic courses and granting degrees at baccalaureate or graduate levels.  
  Miles Institution Location Enrollment
(Fall 2015)
 
  22  Clear Creek Baptist Bible College  Pineville  151  
  22  Frontier School of Midwifery and Family Nursing  Hyden  1,605  
  25  Lincoln Memorial University  Harrogate, TN  3,983  
  31  Union College  Barbourville  1,088  
  33  Eastern Kentucky University, Manchester Campus  Manchester  N/A  
  42  Alice Lloyd College  Pippa Passes  616  
  42  University of Virginia's College at Wise  Wise, VA  2,067  
  44  Eastern Kentucky University, Corbin Campus  Corbin  N/A  
  48  University of the Cumberlands  Williamsburg  6,276  
  51  Carson-Newman University  Jefferson City, TN  2,528  
      Total Enrollments 18,314  
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance, not highway miles.
† Denotes enrollment for entire institution, including branch campuses; otherwise, enrollment is for specified campus.
Source:  Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development.
 

  Two-Year Colleges Within 60 Miles of Harlan  
  Institutions engaged in furnishing academic, or academic and technical, courses and granting associate degrees, certificates, or diplomas below the baccalaureate level.  
  Miles Institution Location Enrollment
(Fall 2015)
 
  Southeast Community & Technical College, Harlan Campus  Harlan  N/A  
  21  Southeast Community & Technical College, Cumberland Campus  Cumberland  † 3,111  
  22  Hazard Community & Technical College - Leslie Co. Center  Hyden  N/A  
  22  Southeast Community & Technical College, Pineville Campus  Pineville  N/A  
  27  Southeast Community & Technical College, Middlesboro Campus  Middlesboro  N/A  
  29  Hazard Community & Technical College, Main Campus  Hazard  † 3,238  
  29  Hazard Community & Technical College, Technical Campus  Hazard  N/A  
  33  Southeast Community & Technical College, Whitesburg Campus  Whitesburg  N/A  
  39  Hazard Community & Technical College, Knott County Branch  Hindman  N/A  
  47  Somerset Community College, Laurel North Campus  London  N/A  
  50  Hazard Community & Technical College, Lees College Campus  Jackson  N/A  
      Total Enrollments 6,349  
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance, not highway miles.
† Denotes enrollment for entire institution, including branch campuses; otherwise, enrollment is for specified campus.
Source:  Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development.
 

  Kentucky Technical Schools Within 60 Miles of Harlan  
    Enrollment (2015-2016)  
  Miles Institution Location Sec P/S Total  
  22  Leslie County ATC  Hyden  436 N/A 436  
  22  Bell County ATC  Pineville  644 N/A 644  
  31  Knox County ATC  Barbourville  486 N/A 486  
  33  Clay County ATC  Manchester  337 N/A 337  
  33  Letcher County ATC  Whitesburg  569 N/A 569  
  39  Knott County ATC  Hindman  385 N/A 385  
  44  Corbin ATC  Corbin  452 N/A 452  
  50  Breathitt County ATC  Jackson  431 N/A 431  
  55  Lee County ATC  Beattyville  357 N/A 357  
  55  Jackson County ATC  McKee  463 N/A 463  
  59  Floyd County ATC (GARTH)  Martin  291 N/A 291  
      Total Enrollments 4,851     4,851   
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance; not highway miles.  Kentucky Tech secondary schools, called Area Technology Centers (ATC), are operated by the Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education. Other secondary schools are operated locally by public school districts. Secondary student enrollment is listed under Sec, and post-secondary student enrollment is listed under P/S.
Source:  KY Cabinet for Workforce Development; KY Dept. of Education.
 

 


 

 

Business & Industry

 

 

  Summary of Recent Locations and Expansions, 2015-Present  
    Reported  
    Companies Jobs Investment  
 Manufacturing Location132$10,910,000 
 Manufacturing Expansion1N/A$20,000 
 Service & Technology Location00$0 
 Service & Technology Expansion00$0 
  Click here for detailed location and expansion information.
Note: Totals include announced locations and expansions.
Source: Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development (May 17, 2018).
 
  Employment by Major Industry by Place of Work, 2015  
    Harlan County Labor Market Area  
  Employment Percent Employment Percent  
 Total All Industries6,227100.037,322100.0 
 Total Private Industries4,49072.128,09975.3 
 Natural Resources and Mining62410.01,6304.4 
 Construction1211.97532.0 
 Manufacturing691.11,2813.4 
 Trade, Transportation and Utilities1,19419.27,17019.2 
 Information420.72570.7 
 Financial Activities1812.91,2193.3 
 Professional and Business Services1562.51,5144.1 
 Education and Health Services1,37822.13,2858.8 
 Leisure and Hospitality4907.95531.5 
 Other Services and Unclassified1352.27942.1 
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  
     
  Top 20 by Employment  
  Firm Product(s)/Service(s) Emp. Year
Established
 
 Baxter 
 Bluegrass Materials Company LLCManufacture concrete blocks, resale building materials61999 
 UPSSmall package distribution17N/A 
 Bledsoe 
 Bluegrass Materials Company LLCCrushed limestone151940 
 Cumberland 
 Southeastern Kentucky Rehabilitation Industries IncTextile-related products (DOD contract)- Apparel manufacturing for US military and other cut and sew customers1202000 
 Tri-City NewsNewspaper publishing & offset printing11929 
 Evarts 
 Forest Products IncPallets, skids, wood chips, hardwood & kiln dried lumber151987 
 Harlan 
 Carroll Engineering CoHeadquarters, Minng safety, communications, network design, motor, power and electrical needs18N/A 
 Harlan Daily EnterpriseNewspaper publishers111901 
 Heartland School SolutionsPayment solutions202011 
 Loyall 
 Mountain Construction CoReady-mixed concrete91977 
 Totz 
 Cumberland Mine Service IncMetal fabricating; custom ceramic & abrasion resistant coating service; ceramic liners, construction and maintenance391980 
  Source: Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development (May 17, 2018).  

 


 

 

Taxes

 

 

  State Property Tax Rates Per $100 Valuation, 2016  
  Selected Class of Property State Rate Local Taxation
Permitted
 
  Real Estate $0.1220 Yes  
  Manufacturing Machinery $0.1500 No  
  Pollution Control Equipment $0.1500 No  
  Inventories:  
      Raw Materials $0.0500 No  
      Goods in Process $0.0500 No  
      Finished Goods $0.0500 Yes  
      Goods-In-Transit Exempt Limited  
  Motor Vehicles $0.4500 Yes  
  Other Tangible Personal Property $0.4500 Yes  
  Source: Kentucky Department of Revenue.  
     
  Local Property Tax Rates Per $100 Valuation  
  Taxing Jurisdiction Property Taxes
Per $100 Valuation
   
  Real Estate Tangibles Motor Vehicles  
  County  
  Harlan $0.6615 $0.7800 $0.2933    
  City  
  Benham $0.5000 $0.5000 $0.5000    
  Cumberland $0.4000 $0.4000 $0.4600    
  Evarts $0.4150 $0.4150 $0.1800    
  Harlan $0.4700 $0.4900 $0.3200    
  Loyall $0.3500 $0.4500 $0.3700    
  Lynch $0.2400 $0.2400 $0.2000    
  Wallins Creek $0.0000 $0.0000 $0.0000    
  School District  
  Harlan County Schools $0.5480 $0.5480 $0.3360    
  Harlan Independent Schools $0.5000 $0.5000 $0.5230    
  Source: Kentucky Revenue Cabinet. Tax Years: County Property Tax(es) for 2017; City Property Tax(es) for 2008 - 2017; School District Property Tax(es) for 2017  
     
  Local Occupational License Taxes, 2017  
  Cities, counties and school districts may levy an occupational license tax on the net profits of businesses and/or on the salaries and wages of employees earned in the jurisdiction. Rates can vary between the two types of occupational license taxes. Occupational license taxes may be levied on businesses as either a flat rate schedule or as a percentage of apportioned net profits or gross receipts. Where both the city and county levy an occupational license tax, a credit may be given, at the option of the local governments, for the amount paid to the city against the occupational license tax of the county. (Consult local jurisdictions for further details.)  
  Taxing Jurisdiction   Tax Rate on
Salaries/Wages
  Tax Rate on
Net Profits/Receipts
 
  County  
  Harlan   No tax   No tax  
  City  
  Benham   No tax   No tax  
  Cumberland   No tax   No tax  
  Evarts   No tax   No tax  
  Harlan   No tax   No tax  
  Loyall   No tax   No tax  
  Lynch   No tax   No tax  
  Wallins Creek   No tax   No tax  
  School District  
  Harlan County Schools   No tax   No tax  
  Harlan Independent Schools   No tax   No tax  
  Source: Occupational Taxes Spreadsheet - Kentucky Secretary of State, Local Tax Listing - Kentucky Personnel Cabinet   
     

 


 

 

Regulations & Permits

 
 

Kentucky Public Protection Cabinet
Department of Housing, Buildings and Construction

Permitting Information: http://www.dhbc.ky.gov/
 
  Typical Building Permits Responsible Division # of plans Time Frame (Days)  
  Site Plan Building Code Enforcement 1 7-30  
  Building/Life Safety Building Code Enforcement 1 7-30  
  Plumbing Plumbing 3 7  
  Fire Protection Fire Prevention 1 7-30  
  Fire Alarm and Monitoring Fire Prevention 1 7-30  
  Fuel Tanks Fire Prevention
Hazardous Materials Section
1 7  
     

 

Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection
Permits, Fees, Regulatory Times, and Contacts

Permitting Program Information:
http://dca.ky.gov/DCA%20Resource%20Document%20Library/KyDEPCommonPermits2.17.14.pdf
 
     

 

 

Utilities

 

 

 
Utilities Providing Service In Harlan County
  Electric  
 Benham City Utilities - 606-848-5506 
 East Kentucky Power Cooperative - 859-744-4812 
    Cumberland Valley Electric Inc - 606-528-2677 
 Kentucky Utilities (a PPL company) - 800-383-5582 
     
  Natural Gas  
Service Unavailable
     
  Sewer  
  Treatment Information (gallons per day) Capacity Avg. Flow Excess  
 Cumberland Sewerworks - 606-589-2107 
 Cumberland STP500,000415,00085,000 
 Harlan Municipal Sewer - 606-573-5833 
 Harlan STP1,200,0001,055,000145,000 
  Treatment information provided by Division of Water, 502-564-3410
 
  Water  
  System Information (gallons per day) Capacity Avg. Use Excess  
 Cumberland Municipal Water Works - 606-589-21071,500,000527,258972,742 
 Harlan Municipal Water Works - 606-573-15402,900,0001,156,2631,743,737 
  System information provided by Division of Water, 502-564-3410  

 


 

 

Quality of Life

 

 

  General Kentucky Quality of Life Information  
  http://www.thinkkentucky.com/kyedc/qualityoflife.aspx  
  Median Home Price (2016): Harlan County - $45,000 for 25 homes  
  Source: KY Department of Revenue. Data based on sales for last six months of year indicated.  
  Climate  
  Temperature    
  Normal (30-year record) 55.6 degrees  
  Average Annual, 2015 58 degrees  
  Record Highest, June 2012 (70-year record) 103 degrees  
  Record Lowest, January 1985 (70-year record) -21 degrees  
  Normal Heating Degree Days (30-year record) 4,374  
  Normal Cooling Degree Days (30-year record) 981  
  Precipitation    
  Normal (30-year record) 41.01 inches  
  Mean Annual Snowfall (30-year record) 13.3 inches  
  Total Precipitation, 2015 44.57 inches  
  Mean Number of Days Precipitation (0.01 inch or more) (30-year record) 134.4  
  Mean Number of Days Thunderstorms (68-year record) 42.6  
  Prevailing Winds West  
  Relative Humidity (30-year record)    
  1 a.m. 82 percent  
  7 a.m. 87 percent  
  1 p.m. 57 percent  
  7 p.m. 64 percent  
  Note: Heating degree day totals are the sums of positive departures of average daily temperature from 65 degrees F.  Cooling degree day totals are the sum of negative departures of average daily temperature from 65 degrees F.
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Climatic Data Center, Local Climatological Data, 2015.
Station of record: Tri-Cities Regional Airport, Blountville, TN.
 
     
  Public School District Enrollments, 2016-2017  
    Total Enrollment Pupil To Teacher Ratio  
  Harlan County Schools 3,867 14.9  
  Harlan Independent Schools 688 15.3  
  Source: Kentucky Department of Education, Office of Assessment and Accountability.