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Labor Market Area
Most of the demographic and workforce data that follow include totals for the community's labor market area. The map below is provided for you reference.
[HLink_LM]
Labor market counties are composed of counties which exist within a 60-minute drive range of the originating county’s county seat. A county will be included within the radius if the centroid point of a county (a point representing the center of the geographic area of a county) falls within the drive zone. Additionally, all contiguous counties will be classified as part of the labor market with the exception of non-Kentucky contiguous counties which have been excluded by the above mentioned 60-minute drive range and have a border with the Mississippi and/or Ohio Rivers.

 


Dated Material

This document contains material that is continuously updated on the Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development's website.
For the most current information for this community please visit:


Contacts

Local

Tom Harned, CEcD FM
Executive Director
Logan Economic Alliance for Development
116 S. Main St.
Russellville, KY 42276
Phone: 270-726-9575
FAX: 270-726-2237
WEB: www.loganLEADs.com
E-mail: tom@loganLEADs.com

State

John Bevington
Deputy Commissioner
Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development
Old Capitol Annex
300 West Broadway
Frankfort, KY 40601 USA

Phone: 502-564-7140 ext. 21942
Fax: 502-564-3256
Web: http:///www.thinkkentucky.com
Email: John.Bevington@ky.gov

 


 

Quick Facts

 
[Hlink_eussm]
  Industrial Electric Cost Per KWH, 2015
Kentucky $0.0548
U.S. $0.0691

 

Statistical Summary
  Population 2016
Logan County 26,593
Labor Market Area 563,626
   
 
Per Capita Personal Income 2015 $34,555
Median Household Income 2015 $38,570
Median Home Price 2015 $79,000
   
  Unemployment Rate 2016
Logan County 4.2%
Labor Market Area 4.8%
U.S. 4.9%
   
  Average Weekly Wage 2015
Logan County $771
Labor Market Area $735
U.S. $1,018


 

 

Location

 

 

Selected Market Centers

Percent of U.S. Within 600 Miles of Russellville


Population
44%

Personal Income
54%

Retail Sales
41%

Manufacturing Employment
51%

Highway Distance to Selected Market Centers
    City Miles   City Miles   City Miles  
  1. Atlanta, GA 298 11. Dallas, TX 693 21. Nashville, TN 55  
  2. Baltimore, MD 715 12. Detroit, MI 505 22. New Orleans, LA 584  
  3. Birmingham, AL 244 13. Houston, TX 814 23. New York, NY 884  
  4. Boston, MA 1,093 14. Indianapolis, IN 256 24. Norfolk, VA 750  
  5. Buffalo, NY 676 15. Jacksonville, FL 646 25. Oklahoma City, OK 709  
  6. Charlotte, NC 459 16. Kansas City, MO 525 26. Omaha, NE 715  
  7. Chicago, IL 436 17. Lexington, KY 181 27. Philadelphia, PA 811  
  8. Cincinnati, OH 243 18. Louisville, KY 140 28. Pittsburgh, PA 530  
  9. Cleveland, OH 489 19. Memphis, TN 238 29. St. Louis, MO 283  
  10. Columbus, OH 349 20. Minneapolis, MN 844 30. Wichita, KS 722  
  Population Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, 2008 population estimate
Personal Income Source: 2007 Regional Economic Accounts, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), US Dept of Commerce
Retail Sales Source: 2002 Economic Census, US Census Bureau
Manufacturing Employment Source: 2007 County Business Patterns, US Census Bureau
Highway Distance Source: ESRI Arcview StreetMap, 2007
 

 


 

 

Sites

 
Available Industrial Sites
Click on a site point for details
      Min. Distance To  
    Site ID Site Name Total Ac. Largest Possible Tract Rail Interstate/Parkway Airport  
  Shovel-ready 141-019 Camp Property 370 370 Possible 33 60  
  Shovel-ready 141-001 Adairville 148.6 148.6 No 23.4 47  
  Shovel-ready 141-003 West Industrial Park 115 115 Possible 27.1 61  
  Shovel-ready 141-010 Auburn 76.7 76.7 Possible 14.8 58  
  Shovel-ready 141-007 Shelton Lane Industrial Park 75.3 75.3 Possible 25.5 61  
  Shovel-ready 141-002 Lewisburg 15 15 No 23.6 84  

 


 

 

Buildings

 
Available Industrial Buildings
Click on a building point for details
  Bldg. ID Building Name Square Feet Ac. Min. Ceiling Ht. Rail  
  141-019 Auburn Hosiery Mills-Auburn 138,544 10.2 12.0' minimum Possible  
  141-024 Build Ready Site_141-007 120,000 91.1 20.0' minimum Possible  
  141-025 General Products Bldg 112,885 N/A 27.0' minimum Possible  
Note: A "+" symbol following the building name denotes a secondary building.
Special Purpose Buildings

 


 

 

Demographics

 

 

  Total Population  
    2012 2013 2014 2015 2016  
  Labor Market Area 545,730 546,348 553,424 559,561 563,626  
  Logan County 26,682 26,958 26,815 26,739 26,593  
 Russellville6,9687,0427,0237,0117,001 
 Auburn1,3421,3571,3521,3521,348 
  Source: U.S.  Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Estimates.  

  Population by Selected Age Groups, 2016  
    Logan County Labor Market Area  
Number Percent Number Percent  
  Under 16 5,516 20.7 126,168 22.4  
  16-24 2,788 10.5 82,761 14.7  
  25-44 6,229 23.4 156,778 27.8  
  45-64 7,319 27.5 128,432 22.8  
  65-84 4,213 15.8 61,996 11.0  
  85 and older 528 2.0 7,491 1.3  
  Median Age 40.9   34.2    
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.  

  Population by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2016  
    Logan County Labor Market Area  
Number Percent Number Percent  
  White 24,146 90.8 453,023 80.4  
  Black or African American 1,726 6.5 77,805 13.8  
  Am. Indian & Alaska Native 109 0.4 2,954 0.5  
  Asian 81 0.3 11,518 2.0  
  Native Hawaiian & other Pacific Islander 9 0.0 1,618 0.3  
  Other/Multirace 522 2.0 16,708 3.0  
  Hispanic Origin 738 2.8 38,564 6.8  
  Note: Hispanic is not a race category. A person can be white, black or African American, etc. and be of hispanic origin.
Source: U.S.  Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.
 

  Population Projections  
    2020 2025 2030 2035  
  Logan County 26,890 26,770 26,494 26,078  
  Source:  Kentucky State Data Center, University of Louisville.  

  Per Capita Personal Income 2015  
    2010 2015 Pct. Change  
  Logan County $29,218 $34,555 18.3 %  
  Kentucky $33,031 $38,588 16.8 %  
  U.S. $40,277 $48,112 19.5 %  
  Labor Market Area Range $26,962- $37,757 $31,472- $39,400    
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.  

  Households  
    2015 2015  
  Number of Households Persons Per Household Median Household Income  
  Logan County 10,870 2.44 $38,570  
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.  

 


 

 

Workforce

 

 

 

  Civilian Labor Force  
    Logan County Labor Market Area  
  2016 Aug. 2017 2016 Aug. 2017  
  Civilian Labor Force 11,829 12,226 241,892 247,678  
  Employed 11,327 11,643 230,290 236,165  
  Unemployed 502 583 11,602 11,513  
  Unemployment Rate (%) 4.2 4.8 4.8 4.6  
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  
  Unemployment Rate (%)  
  Year Logan County Labor Market Area Kentucky U.S.  
  2012 7.5 7.8 8.2 8.1  
  2013 7.1 8.0 8.3 7.4  
  2014 5.7 6.3 6.5 6.2  
  2015 4.8 5.5 5.4 5.3  
  2016 4.2 4.8 5.0 4.9  
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  
  Commuting Patterns  
  Residents of Logan County 2014 Percent  
  Working and Residing In County 4,146 40.7  
  Commuting Out of County 6,032 59.3  
  Total Residents 10,178 100.0  
  Employees in  
  Working and Residing In County 4,146 55.8  
  Commuting Into County 3,285 44.2  
  Total Employees 7,431 100.0  
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Journey-To-Work & Migration Statistics Branch.  
  Note: Data for Kentucky and its border states only.  

 

     
  Average Weekly Wage, 2015  
    Logan County Kentucky
(Statewide)
U.S.  
 Total All Industries$771$834$1,018 
 Total Private Industries7978311,017 
 Natural Resources and MiningN/A1,0751,124 
 Construction6049931,096 
 Manufacturing1,0831,0911,237 
 Trade, Transportation and Utilities691758852 
 Information7369441,829 
 Financial Activities7391,1691,691 
 Professional and Business Services5648781,332 
 Education and Health Services575878911 
 Leisure and Hospitality216312419 
 Other Services and Unclassified693591691 
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of the Labor Statistics.  

 


 

 

Education & Training

 

 

  Four-Year Colleges and Universities Within 60 Miles of Russellville  
  Institutions engaged in furnishing academic courses and granting degrees at baccalaureate or graduate levels.  
  Miles Institution Location Enrollment
(Fall 2015)
 
  27  Western Kentucky University  Bowling Green  † 20,063  
  32  Austin Peay State University  Clarksville, TN  10,099  
  33  Murray State University, Hopkinsville Regional Campus  Hopkinsville  N/A  
  39  Lindsey Wilson Scottsville Campus  Scottsville  N/A  
  46  American Baptist College  Nashville, TN  157  
  46  Aquinas College, West Campus  Nashville, TN  384  
  46  Belmont University  Nashville, TN  7,350  
  46  Fisk University  Nashville, TN  855  
  46  Lipscomb University  Nashville, TN  4,680  
  46  Meharry Medical College  Nashville, TN  829  
  46  Strayer University - Nashville Campus  Nashville, TN  N/A  
  46  Tennessee St. University  Nashville, TN  9,167  
  46  Trevecca Nazarene College  Nashville, TN  2,640  
  46  Vanderbilt University  Nashville, TN  † 12,567  
  46  Vanderbilt University Divinity School  Nashville, TN  N/A  
  46  Welch College  Nashville, TN  346  
  48  Murray State University, Madisonville Regional Campus  Madisonville  N/A  
  55  WKU - Glasgow Campus  Glasgow  N/A  
      Total Enrollments 69,137  
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance, not highway miles.
† Denotes enrollment for entire institution, including branch campuses; otherwise, enrollment is for specified campus.
Source:  Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development.
 

  Two-Year Colleges Within 60 Miles of Russellville  
  Institutions engaged in furnishing academic, or academic and technical, courses and granting associate degrees, certificates, or diplomas below the baccalaureate level.  
  Miles Institution Location Enrollment
(Fall 2015)
 
  19  Southcentral KY Community & Technical College, Franklin-Simpson Center  Franklin  N/A  
  27  Southcentral KY Community & Technical College, KATI Campus  Bowling Green  N/A  
  27  Southcentral KY Community & Technical College, Main Campus  Bowling Green  † 3,962  
  27  Southcentral KY Community & Technical College, Transpark Center  Bowling Green  N/A  
  32  Daymar Institute, Clarksville Campus  Clarksville, TN  533  
  32  Miller-Motte Technical College, Clarksville Campus  Clarksville, TN  334  
  32  North Central Institute  Clarksville, TN  99  
  33  Brown Mackie College - Hopkinsville  Hopkinsville  114  
  33  Hopkinsville Community College, Main Campus  Hopkinsville  † 3,120  
  34  Madisonville Community College, Muhlenberg Campus  Central City  N/A  
  46  Daymar Institute, Nashville Campus  Nashville, TN  153  
  46  Fortis Institute in Nashville  Nashville, TN  348  
  46  John A. Gupton College  Nashville, TN  120  
  46  Lincoln College of Technology - Nashville, TN Campus  Nashville, TN  1,609  
  46  Nashville State Community College  Nashville, TN  10,192  
  46  National College - Nashville TN Campus  Nashville, TN  507  
  48  Madisonville Community College, Health Campus  Madisonville  N/A  
  48  Madisonville Community College, Main Campus  Madisonville  † 4,261  
  55  Elizabethtown Community & Technical College, Leitchfield Campus  Leitchfield  N/A  
  55  Southcentral KY Community & Technical College, Glasgow Campus  Glasgow  N/A  
  55  Southcentral KY Community & Technical College, Glasgow Tech. Campus  Glasgow  N/A  
      Total Enrollments 25,352  
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance, not highway miles.
† Denotes enrollment for entire institution, including branch campuses; otherwise, enrollment is for specified campus.
Source:  Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development.
 

  Kentucky Technical Schools Within 60 Miles of Russellville  
    Enrollment (2015-2016)  
  Miles Institution Location Sec P/S Total  
  Russellville ATC  Russellville  768 N/A 768  
  27  Warren County ATC  Bowling Green  208 N/A 208  
  28  Butler County ATC  Morgantown  467 N/A 467  
  30  Muhlenberg County CTC  Greenville  323 N/A 323  
  33  Gateway Academy to Innovation and Technology  Hopkinsville  482 N/A 482  
  39  Allen County Career and Technical Center  Scottsville  957 N/A 957  
  42  Ohio County ATC  Hartford  718 N/A 718  
  55  Barren County ATC  Glasgow  743 N/A 743  
  55  Grayson County Area Vocational Education Center  Leitchfield  933 N/A 933  
  58  Caldwell County ATC  Princeton  370 N/A 370  
      Total Enrollments 5,969     5,969   
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance; not highway miles.  Kentucky Tech secondary schools, called Area Technology Centers (ATC), are operated by the Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education. Other secondary schools are operated locally by public school districts. Secondary student enrollment is listed under Sec, and post-secondary student enrollment is listed under P/S.
Source:  KY Cabinet for Workforce Development; KY Dept. of Education.
 

 


 

 

Business & Industry

 

 

  Summary of Recent Locations and Expansions, 2014-Present  
    Reported  
    Companies Jobs Investment  
 Manufacturing Location 170-147 $85,287,000 
 Manufacturing Expansion 14401 $503,779,541 
 Supportive/Service Location 00 $0 
 Supportive/Service Expansion 00 $0 
  Click here for detailed location and expansion information.
Note: Totals include announced locations and expansions.
Source: Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development (November 22, 2017).
 
  Employment by Major Industry by Place of Work, 2015  
    Logan County Labor Market Area  
  Employment Percent Employment Percent  
 Total All Industries8,221100.0195,608100.0 
 Total Private Industries6,94184.4159,70481.6 
 Natural Resources and MiningN/AN/A3440.2 
 Construction3013.77,4553.8 
 Manufacturing2,91735.534,22517.5 
 Trade, Transportation and Utilities1,36116.631,49516.1 
 Information660.81,9141.0 
 Financial Activities2142.66,7243.4 
 Professional and Business Services3744.518,4989.5 
 Education and Health Services7018.522,85511.7 
 Leisure and Hospitality5727.021,94011.2 
 Other Services and Unclassified2743.34,2672.2 
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  
     
  Top 20 by Employment  
  Firm Product(s)/Service(s) Emp. Year
Established
 
 Auburn 
 Champion Petfoods USA IncHigh end pet food702014 
 N-K Sealing TechnologiesLeather and leather laces681863 
 Stark Truss CompanyManufacture roof and floor trusses, wall panels, and EWP25N/A 
 Lewisburg 
 Nelson Co of KentuckyWood pallets, boxes & skids301976 
 Russellville 
 Amtech LCIndustrial strength dust collectors, smoke collectors, fume collectors. Duct work manufacture and installation.151997 
 Bluegrass Recycling of Russellville IncMetal and plastic recycling, warehousing & inventory management.161994 
 Bluegrass Supply Chain ServicesProvides third party logistics and supply chain solutions to manufacturers, retailers and distributors. Headquarters location.49N/A 
 Carpenter CoCarpet cushioning, polyester fiber, filter media and polyurethane foam for use in bedding, consumer products, home furnishings and medical furnishings3081970 
 Cates Cabinets & Woodworking Co IncCustom wooden cabinets & specialty woodworking171992 
 Creative Wood Designs LLCCustom wood cabinets and specialty woodworking residential and commercial182003 
 Cumberland Scrap Processors LLCScrap recycling/handling facility132008 
 Dar Pro IngredientsTallow by-products, animal hide, processed meat & bone meal741972 
 Emerson Electric CoHermetic electric motors2301961 
 H & H Sheet Metal FabricatorsMachine shop: MIG, TIG, arc, gas, portable & heliarc welding; sheet metal fabricating; drilling, cutting, boring, honing, mill & lathe work1351983 
 Logan Aluminum IncProduces aluminum alloy rolled sheet stock used to make beverage cans12061985 
 Mcintosh Design Fabrication Systems LLCArc, gas, MIG, TIG, heliarc welding and custom metal fabrication221995 
 Pro-Fab Metals IncSheet metal fabricating; arc, MIG & TIG welding: dust collectors, powder coating systems, plant relocations151985 
 Rane Precision Die Casting IncAluminum die castings1811956 
 Ventra PlasticsInjection molded plastic automotive trim for interior and exterior parts2901992 
 South Union 
 Precision Strip IncSteel, aluminum & copper processing & slitting service1261994 
  Source: Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development (November 22, 2017).  

 


 

 

Taxes

 

 

  State Property Tax Rates Per $100 Valuation, 2016  
  Selected Class of Property State Rate Local Taxation
Permitted
 
  Real Estate $0.1220 Yes  
  Manufacturing Machinery $0.1500 No  
  Pollution Control Equipment $0.1500 No  
  Inventories:  
      Raw Materials $0.0500 No  
      Goods in Process $0.0500 No  
      Finished Goods $0.0500 Yes  
      Goods-In-Transit Exempt Limited  
  Motor Vehicles $0.4500 Yes  
  Other Tangible Personal Property $0.4500 Yes  
  Source: Kentucky Department of Revenue.  
     
  Local Property Tax Rates Per $100 Valuation, 2016  
  Taxing Jurisdiction Property Taxes
Per $100 Valuation
   
  Real Estate Tangibles Motor Vehicles  
  County  
  Logan $0.3028 $0.3776 $0.1647    
  City  
  Adairville $0.4280 $0.4280 $0.3500    
  Auburn $0.2800 $0.2800 $0.2420    
  Lewisburg $0.4920 $0.5727 $0.2100    
  Russellville $0.2550 $0.3290 $0.2200    
  School District  
  Logan County Schools $0.4460 $0.4460 $0.4600    
  Russellville Independent Schools $0.8220 $0.8220 $0.5390    
  Source: Kentucky Revenue Cabinet.  
     
  Local Occupational License Taxes, 2016  
  Cities, counties and school districts may levy an occupational license tax on the net profits of businesses and/or on the salaries and wages of employees earned in the jurisdiction. Rates can vary between the two types of occupational license taxes. Occupational license taxes may be levied on businesses as either a flat rate schedule or as a percentage of apportioned net profits or gross receipts. Where both the city and county levy an occupational license tax, a credit may be given, at the option of the local governments, for the amount paid to the city against the occupational license tax of the county. (Consult local jurisdictions for further details.)  
  Taxing Jurisdiction   Tax Rate on
Salaries/Wages
  Tax Rate on
Net Profits/Receipts
 
  County  
  Logan   0.75%   0.75% (on net profits)  
  City  
  Adairville   1.50%   1.50% (on net profits)  
  Auburn   1.50%   0.33% (on gross receipts)  
  Lewisburg   1.50%   1.50% (on net profits)  
  Russellville   2.00%   2.00% (on net profits. 2% on gross receipts)  
  School District  
  Logan County Schools   No tax   No tax  
  Russellville Independent Schools   No tax   No tax  
  Source: Occupational Taxes Spreadsheet - Kentucky Secretary of State, Local Tax Listing - Kentucky Personnel Cabinet   
     

 


 

 

Regulations & Permits

 
 

Kentucky Public Protection Cabinet
Department of Housing, Buildings and Construction

Permitting Information: http://www.dhbc.ky.gov/
 
  Typical Building Permits Responsible Division # of plans Time Frame (Days)  
  Site Plan Building Code Enforcement 1 7-30  
  Building/Life Safety Building Code Enforcement 1 7-30  
  Plumbing Plumbing 3 7  
  Fire Protection Fire Prevention 1 7-30  
  Fire Alarm and Monitoring Fire Prevention 1 7-30  
  Fuel Tanks Fire Prevention
Hazardous Materials Section
1 7  
     

 

Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection
Permits, Fees, Regulatory Times, and Contacts

Permitting Program Information:
http://dca.ky.gov/DCA%20Resource%20Document%20Library/KyDEPCommonPermits2.17.14.pdf
 
     

 

 

Utilities

 

 

 
Utilities Providing Service In Logan County
  Electric  
 Tennessee Valley Authority - 865-632-2101 
    Pennyrile RECC - 270-886-2555 
    Russellville Electric Plant Board - 270-726-2466 
    Warren RECC - 270-842-6541 
     
  Natural Gas  
 Atmos Energy Corporation - 270-685-8069 
 Bluegrass Gas Sales Inc - 270-565-4747 
     
  Sewer  
  Treatment Information (gallons per day) Capacity Avg. Flow Excess  
 Adairville Water Works - 270-839-6731 
 Adairville STP260,00050,000210,000 
 City of Auburn - 270-542-4149 
 Auburn STP350,000177,000173,000 
 City of Russellville Sewer 
 Russellville STP2,400,0001,213,0001,187,000 
 Lewisburg Sewer Department - 270-755-4828 
 Lewisburg STP350,00056,000294,000 
  Treatment information provided by Division of Water, 502-564-3410
 
  Water  
  System Information (gallons per day) Capacity Avg. Use Excess  
 Adairville Water Works - 270-839-6731N/AN/AN/A 
 City of Auburn Water Department - 270-542-7106N/AN/AN/A 
 City of Russellville Water Department - 270-726-5025N/AN/AN/A 
 East Logan Water District - 270-542-6894N/AN/AN/A 
 Lewisburg Water Works - 270-755-4805N/AN/AN/A 
 North Logan Water District - 270-725-8050N/AN/AN/A 
 South Logan Water Association - 270-539-6730N/AN/AN/A 
 Todd County Water District - 270-265-2229N/AN/AN/A 
  System information provided by Division of Water, 502-564-3410  

 


 

 

Quality of Life

 

 

  General Kentucky Quality of Life Information  
  http://www.thinkkentucky.com/kyedc/qualityoflife.aspx  
  Median Home Price (2015): Logan County - $79,000 for 126 homes  
  Source: KY Department of Revenue. Data based on sales for last six months of year indicated.  
  Climate  
  Temperature    
  Normal (30-year record) 59.3 degrees  
  Average Annual, 2015 61.2 degrees  
  Record Highest, June 2012 (76-year record) 109 degrees  
  Record Lowest, January 1985 (76-year record) -17 degrees  
  Normal Heating Degree Days (30-year record) 3,688  
  Normal Cooling Degree Days (30-year record) 1,646  
  Precipitation    
  Normal (30-year record) 47.25 inches  
  Mean Annual Snowfall (30-year record) 6.3 inches  
  Total Precipitation, 2015 50.8 inches  
  Mean Number of Days Precipitation (0.01 inch or more) (30-year record) 118.9  
  Mean Number of Days Thunderstorms (68-year record) 50.2  
  Prevailing Winds South  
  Relative Humidity (30-year record)    
  12 midnight 79 percent  
  6 a.m. 84 percent  
  12 noon 57 percent  
  6 p.m. 61 percent  
  Note: Heating degree day totals are the sums of positive departures of average daily temperature from 65 degrees F.  Cooling degree day totals are the sum of negative departures of average daily temperature from 65 degrees F.
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Climatic Data Center, Local Climatological Data, 2015.
Station of record: Nashville Intl. Airport, Nashville, TN.
 
     
  Public School District Enrollments, 2015-2016  
    Total Enrollment Pupil To Teacher Ratio  
  Logan County Schools 3,473 15.2  
  Russellville Independent Schools 977 14.8  
  Source: Kentucky Department of Education, Office of Assessment and Accountability.