Labor Market Area
Most of the demographic and workforce data that follow include totals for the community's labor market area. The map below is provided for you reference.
Labor market counties are composed of counties which exist within a 60-minute drive range of the originating county’s county seat. A county will be included within the radius if the centroid point of a county (a point representing the center of the geographic area of a county) falls within the drive zone. Additionally, all contiguous counties will be classified as part of the labor market with the exception of non-Kentucky contiguous counties which have been excluded by the above mentioned 60-minute drive range and have a border with the Mississippi and/or Ohio Rivers.


Dated Material

This document contains material that is continuously updated on the Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development's website.
For the most current information for this community please visit:



Ryan Drane
Graves County Economic Development
201 East College Street
Mayfield, KY 42066
Phone: 270-247-0626
FAX: 270-247-6781


Amy Bowman
Project Coordinator
Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development
Old Capitol Annex
300 West Broadway
Frankfort, KY 40601 USA

Phone: 502-564-7670 ext. 22001
Fax: 502-564-3256
Web: http:///



Quick Facts

  Industrial Electric Cost Per KWH, 2017
Kentucky $0.0558
U.S. $0.0691


Statistical Summary
  Population 2017
Graves County 37,121
Labor Market Area 274,595
Per Capita Personal Income 2016 $34,476
Median Household Income 2016 $40,268
Median Home Price 2017 $79,900
  Unemployment Rate 2018
Graves County 5.0%
Labor Market Area 5.1%
U.S. 3.9%
  Average Weekly Wage 2017
Graves County $695
Labor Market Area $741
U.S. $1,042






Selected Market Centers

Percent of U.S. Within 600 Miles of Mayfield


Personal Income

Retail Sales

Manufacturing Employment

Highway Distance to Selected Market Centers
    City Miles   City Miles   City Miles  
  1. Atlanta, GA 390 11. Dallas, TX 598 21. Nashville, TN 147  
  2. Baltimore, MD 801 12. Detroit, MI 591 22. New Orleans, LA 542  
  3. Birmingham, AL 337 13. Houston, TX 720 23. New York, NY 970  
  4. Boston, MA 1,179 14. Indianapolis, IN 328 24. Norfolk, VA 843  
  5. Buffalo, NY 762 15. Jacksonville, FL 739 25. Oklahoma City, OK 614  
  6. Charlotte, NC 552 16. Kansas City, MO 440 26. Omaha, NE 630  
  7. Chicago, IL 394 17. Lexington, KY 267 27. Philadelphia, PA 897  
  8. Cincinnati, OH 329 18. Louisville, KY 226 28. Pittsburgh, PA 616  
  9. Cleveland, OH 575 19. Memphis, TN 152 29. St. Louis, MO 197  
  10. Columbus, OH 435 20. Minneapolis, MN 770 30. Wichita, KS 636  
  Population Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, 2008 population estimate
Personal Income Source: 2007 Regional Economic Accounts, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), US Dept of Commerce
Retail Sales Source: 2002 Economic Census, US Census Bureau
Manufacturing Employment Source: 2007 County Business Patterns, US Census Bureau
Highway Distance Source: ESRI Arcview StreetMap, 2007





Available Industrial Sites
Click on a site point for details
      Min. Distance To  
    Site ID Site Name Total Ac. Largest Possible Tract Rail Interstate/Parkway Airport  
    083-012 West Kentucky Site 083-012 (former Megasite) 2109.27 1127.3 Possible 9 22  
    083-004 Mayfield -- Payne Property Site 083-004 679 679 Possible 0.25 156  
    083-011 Holland Property 111 111 Possible 0.6 6  
    083-010 Grace Commercial Park 188.1 68.4 Possible 0.75 28  
  Shovel-ready 083-001 Hickory Industrial Park 66.4 34 No 3.9 24  





Available Industrial Buildings
Click on a building point for details
  Bldg. ID Building Name Square Feet Ac. Min. Ceiling Ht. Rail  
  083-013 Graves County Spec Building #1 100,000 75.0 33.0' minimum No  
  083-014 KyFAB Building 34,500 15.1 44.0' minimum No  
Note: A "+" symbol following the building name denotes a secondary building.
Special Purpose Buildings







  Total Population  
    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017  
  Labor Market Area 276,829 276,192 275,013 274,604 274,595  
  Graves County 37,352 37,577 37,251 37,182 37,121  
  Source: U.S.  Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Estimates.  

  Population by Selected Age Groups, 2017  
    Graves County Labor Market Area  
Number Percent Number Percent  
  Under 16 7,861 21.2 51,525 18.8  
  16-24 3,933 10.6 34,902 12.7  
  25-44 8,693 23.4 62,741 22.9  
  45-64 9,858 26.6 72,522 26.4  
  65-84 5,949 16.0 46,096 16.8  
  85 and older 827 2.2 6,684 2.4  
  Median Age 40.5   41.1    
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.  

  Population by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2017  
    Graves County Labor Market Area  
Number Percent Number Percent  
  White 34,348 92.5 246,267 89.7  
  Black or African American 1,599 4.3 19,413 7.1  
  Am. Indian & Alaska Native 167 0.4 1,010 0.4  
  Asian 184 0.5 2,532 0.9  
  Native Hawaiian & other Pacific Islander 36 0.1 153 0.1  
  Other/Multirace 787 2.1 5,095 1.9  
  Hispanic Origin 2,419 6.5 8,565 3.1  
  Note: Hispanic is not a race category. A person can be white, black or African American, etc. and be of hispanic origin.
Source: U.S.  Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

  Population Projections  
    2020 2025 2030 2035  
  Graves County 37,883 38,243 38,483 38,657  
  Source:  Kentucky State Data Center, University of Louisville.  

  Per Capita Personal Income 2015  
    2011 2016 Pct. Change  
  Graves County $29,429 $34,476 17.1 %  
  Kentucky $33,989 $38,926 14.5 %  
  U.S. $41,560 $49,246 18.5 %  
  Labor Market Area Range $29,429- $39,872 $31,501- $45,927    
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.  

    2016 2016  
  Number of Households Persons Per Household Median Household Income  
  Graves County 14,268 2.58 $40,268  
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.  








  Civilian Labor Force  
    Graves County Labor Market Area  
  2018 Apr. 2019 2018 Apr. 2019  
  Civilian Labor Force 15,447 15,343 122,576 123,117  
  Employed 14,670 14,691 116,353 118,186  
  Unemployed 777 652 6,223 4,931  
  Unemployment Rate (%) 5.0 4.2 5.1 4.0  
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  
  Unemployment Rate (%)  
  Year Graves County Labor Market Area Kentucky U.S.  
  2014 7.6 7.4 6.5 6.2  
  2015 6.3 6.4 5.4 5.3  
  2016 6.0 5.9 5.0 4.9  
  2017 5.9 5.7 4.9 4.4  
  2018 5.0 5.1 4.3 3.9  
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  
  Commuting Patterns  
  Residents of Graves County 2015 Percent  
  Working and Residing In County 5,924 43.6  
  Commuting Out of County 7,664 56.4  
  Total Residents 13,588 100.0  
  Employees in  
  Working and Residing In County 5,924 58.9  
  Commuting Into County 4,139 41.1  
  Total Employees 10,063 100.0  
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Journey-To-Work & Migration Statistics Branch.  
  Note: Data for Kentucky and its border states only.  


  Average Weekly Wage, 2017  
    Graves County Kentucky
 Total All Industries$695$845$1,042 
 Total Private Industries6758651,064 
 Natural Resources and Mining6331,0491,086 
 Trade, Transportation and Utilities704789881 
 Financial Activities7981,2361,752 
 Professional and Business Services7189311,377 
 Education and Health Services788906940 
 Leisure and Hospitality226327441 
 Other Services and Unclassified917626734 
  Source: JobsEQ, Chmura Economics.  




Education & Training



  Four-Year Colleges and Universities Within 60 Miles of Mayfield  
  Institutions engaged in furnishing academic courses and granting degrees at baccalaureate or graduate levels.  
  Miles Institution Location Enrollment
(Fall 2018)
  20  Murray State University  Murray  10,012  
  23  Murray State University, Paducah Regional Campus  Paducah  N/A  
  30  University of Tennessee at Martin  Martin, TN  6,772  
  42  Bethel University  McKenzie, TN  5,779  
      Total Enrollments 22,563  
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance, not highway miles.
† Denotes enrollment for entire institution, including branch campuses; otherwise, enrollment is for specified campus.
Source:  Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development.

  Two-Year Colleges Within 60 Miles of Mayfield  
  Institutions engaged in furnishing academic, or academic and technical, courses and granting associate degrees, certificates, or diplomas below the baccalaureate level.  
  Miles Institution Location Enrollment
(Fall 2018)
  23  West Kentucky Community & Technical College, Main Campus  Paducah  † 6,038  
      Total Enrollments 6,038  
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance, not highway miles.
† Denotes enrollment for entire institution, including branch campuses; otherwise, enrollment is for specified campus.
Source:  Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development.

  Kentucky Technical Schools Within 60 Miles of Mayfield  
    Enrollment (2017-2018)  
  Miles Institution Location Sec P/S Total  
  Mayfield/Graves County ATC  Mayfield  616 N/A 616  
  18  Marshall County Technical Center  Benton  989 N/A 989  
  20  Murray/Calloway County ATC  Murray  389 N/A 389  
  23  Paducah ATC  Paducah  629 N/A 629  
  31  Ballard County CTC  Barlow  576 N/A 576  
  32  Four Rivers Career Academy  Hickman  422 N/A 422  
  49  Caldwell County ATC  Princeton  461 N/A 461  
      Total Enrollments 4,082     4,082   
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance; not highway miles.  Kentucky Tech secondary schools, called Area Technology Centers (ATC), are operated by the Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education. Other secondary schools are operated locally by public school districts. Secondary student enrollment is listed under Sec, and post-secondary student enrollment is listed under P/S.
Source:  KY Cabinet for Workforce Development; KY Dept. of Education.




Business & Industry



  Summary of Recent Locations and Expansions, 2018-Present  
    Companies Jobs Investment  
 Manufacturing Location2115$44,550,000 
 Manufacturing Expansion647$8,682,051 
 Service & Technology Location00$0 
 Service & Technology Expansion115$986,110 
  Click here for detailed location and expansion information.
Note: Totals include announced locations and expansions.
Source: Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development (March 10, 2020).
  Employment by Major Industry by Place of Work, 2017  
    Graves County Labor Market Area  
  Employment Percent Employment Percent  
 Total All Industries12,858100.0117,308100.0 
 Total Private Industries9,12571.087,02274.2 
 Natural Resources and Mining2461.97760.7 
 Trade, Transportation and Utilities2,48319.325,56821.8 
 Financial Activities3803.04,2423.6 
 Professional and Business Services6565.18,2377.0 
 Education and Health Services1,42911.113,96311.9 
 Leisure and Hospitality9017.012,09010.3 
 Other Services and Unclassified3202.52,3432.0 
  Source: JobsEQ, Chmura Economics.  
  Top 20 by Employment  
  Firm Product(s)/Service(s) Emp. Year
 Applegate Insulation LLCCellulose insulation and hydroseeding mulch151998 
 Centrifugal Technologies IncParts & service for centrifugal air compressors422002 
 Ingrams Water and Air Equipment LLCHVAC equipment, air equipment; headquarters; warehouse202015 
 Pilgrim's Pride CorporationPoultry processing & packing13281988 
 A.C.E. Compressor Parts & Services IncRemanufactured air compressors, parts, and service292009 
 Atlas Equipment Services IncBulk material handling systems. Manufacturer and service, parts provider. Conveyor parts and service, as well as installation and rubber belt vulcanizing services.92001 
 Campbell Tobacco Rehandling CoLeaf tobacco processing121959 
 J U Kevil IndustriesSheltered workshop: work aprons, tool bags, industrial wipes, rags, assembly & custom packaging751968 
 Kendor Wood IncCabinet doors & drawer fronts381982 
 Mayfield Consumer ProductsManufacture and distribute scented candles1731998 
 Mayfield Machine & Tool IncMachine shop: CNC machining, honing, grinding, welding, lathe & mill work231979 
 Mayfield Printing IncOffset printing: labels, tags, forms & envelopes; typesetting, glue binding, 4 color separation, flexograghic printing: labels pressure sensitive, color process & UV capable, commercial printing221933 
 Mid-America Machine IncMachine shop: cylindrical grinding, lathe & mill work, small plate & structural metal fabricating & hard chrome plating241987 
 Old Hickory Clay CoBall clay, slurry and air floated kaolins for sanitary ware industry281918 
 Power Truss IncStructural floor & roof trusses401979 
 Progress Rail Services CorporationLocomotive remanufacturing and diesel engine rebuild facility; supplier of products and services for the rail industry2802007 
 PSI Control SolutionsElectronic industrial control panels & wiring harness301962 
 Universal Technologies, Inc.Machine shop: arc, gas, MIG, TIG, heliarc & specialized welding; rebuilding rubber industry mill guides & fab shop241985 
 World Tower CoRadio, TV, microwave & cellular communication towers371957 
 Vegan Metal Fabricators CoShelving racks; metal racks, dollies & material handling products91985 
  Source: Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development (March 10, 2020).  







  State Property Tax Rates Per $100 Valuation, 2016  
  Selected Class of Property State Rate Local Taxation
  Real Estate $0.1220 Yes  
  Manufacturing Machinery $0.1500 No  
  Pollution Control Equipment $0.1500 No  
      Raw Materials $0.0500 No  
      Goods in Process $0.0500 No  
      Finished Goods $0.0500 Yes  
      Goods-In-Transit Exempt Limited  
  Motor Vehicles $0.4500 Yes  
  Other Tangible Personal Property $0.4500 Yes  
  Source: Kentucky Department of Revenue.  
  Local Property Tax Rates Per $100 Valuation  
  Taxing Jurisdiction Property Taxes
Per $100 Valuation
  Real Estate Tangibles Motor Vehicles  
  Graves $0.2470 $0.3034 $0.1910    
  Mayfield $0.2900 $0.2900 $0.3400    
  Water Valley $0.3000 $0.3000 $0.0000    
  Wingo $0.4600 $0.4600 $0.4600    
  School District  
  Graves County Schools $0.4230 $0.4230 $0.4640    
  Mayfield Independent Schools $0.7210 $0.7210 $0.6890    
  Source: Kentucky Revenue Cabinet. Tax Years: County Property Tax(es) for 2017; City Property Tax(es) for 2012 - 2017; School District Property Tax(es) for 2017  
  Local Occupational License Taxes, 2017  
  Cities, counties and school districts may levy an occupational license tax on the net profits of businesses and/or on the salaries and wages of employees earned in the jurisdiction. Rates can vary between the two types of occupational license taxes. Occupational license taxes may be levied on businesses as either a flat rate schedule or as a percentage of apportioned net profits or gross receipts. Where both the city and county levy an occupational license tax, a credit may be given, at the option of the local governments, for the amount paid to the city against the occupational license tax of the county. (Consult local jurisdictions for further details.)  
  Taxing Jurisdiction   Tax Rate on
  Tax Rate on
Net Profits/Receipts
  Graves   1.00%   No tax  
  Mayfield   2.00% (Tiered taxable wages)   2.00% (on net profits less than $50K; 1% $50K-$500K; 1/2% over $500K)  
  Water Valley   No tax   No tax  
  Wingo   No tax   No tax  
  School District  
  Graves County Schools   No tax   No tax  
  Mayfield Independent Schools   No tax   No tax  
  Source: Occupational Taxes Spreadsheet - Kentucky Secretary of State, Local Tax Listing - Kentucky Personnel Cabinet   




Regulations & Permits


Kentucky Public Protection Cabinet
Department of Housing, Buildings and Construction

Permitting Information:
  Typical Building Permits Responsible Division # of plans Time Frame (Days)  
  Site Plan Building Code Enforcement 1 7-30  
  Building/Life Safety Building Code Enforcement 1 7-30  
  Plumbing Plumbing 3 7  
  Fire Protection Fire Prevention 1 7-30  
  Fire Alarm and Monitoring Fire Prevention 1 7-30  
  Fuel Tanks Fire Prevention
Hazardous Materials Section
1 7  


Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection
Permits, Fees, Regulatory Times, and Contacts

Permitting Program Information:






Utilities Providing Service In Graves County
 Big Rivers Electric Corporation - 270-827-2561 
    Jackson Purchase Energy Corporation - 270-442-7321 
 Tennessee Valley Authority - 865-632-2101 
    Hickman-Fulton Counties RECC - 270-236-2521 
    Mayfield Electric & Water Systems - 270-247-4661 
    West Kentucky RECC - 270-247-1321 
  Natural Gas  
 Atmos Energy Corporation - 270-685-8069 
  Treatment Information (gallons per day) Capacity Avg. Flow Excess  
 Mayfield Electric & Water Systems - 270-247-4661 
 Mayfield STP3,100,0001,920,0001,180,000 
  Treatment information provided by Division of Water, 502-564-3410
  System Information (gallons per day) Capacity Avg. Use Excess  
 Hickory Water District - 270-856-32661,000,000372,484627,516 
 Mayfield Electric & Water Systems - 270-247-46612,880,0002,097,097782,903 
  System information provided by Division of Water, 502-564-3410  




Quality of Life



  General Kentucky Quality of Life Information  
  Median Home Price (2017): Graves County - $79,900 for 151 homes  
  Source: KY Department of Revenue. Data based on sales for last six months of year indicated.  
  Normal (30-year record) 57.8 degrees  
  Average Annual, 2017 60.3 degrees  
  Record Highest, June 2012 (34-year record) 108 degrees  
  Record Lowest, January 1985 (34-year record) -15 degrees  
  Normal Heating Degree Days (30-year record) 4,132  
  Normal Cooling Degree Days (30-year record) 1,542  
  Normal (30-year record) 49.08 inches  
  Mean Annual Snowfall (30-year record) 9.1 inches  
  Total Precipitation, 2017 46.41 inches  
  Mean Number of Days Precipitation (0.01 inch or more) (30-year record) 110.2  
  Mean Number of Days Thunderstorms (59-year record) 49.8  
  Prevailing Winds South  
  Relative Humidity (30-year record)    
  12 midnight 82 percent  
  6 a.m. 86 percent  
  12 noon 59 percent  
  6 p.m. 65 percent  
  Note: Heating degree day totals are the sums of positive departures of average daily temperature from 65 degrees F.  Cooling degree day totals are the sum of negative departures of average daily temperature from 65 degrees F.
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Climatic Data Center, Local Climatological Data, 2017.
Station of record: Barkley Regional Airport, Paducah, KY.
  Public School District Enrollments, 2016-2017  
    Total Enrollment Pupil To Teacher Ratio  
  Graves County Schools 4,134 14.8  
  Mayfield Independent Schools 1,751 15.6  
  Source: Kentucky Department of Education, Office of Assessment and Accountability.