Labor Market Area
Most of the demographic and workforce data that follow include totals for the community's labor market area. The map below is provided for you reference.
Labor market counties are composed of counties which exist within a 60-minute drive range of the originating county’s county seat. A county will be included within the radius if the centroid point of a county (a point representing the center of the geographic area of a county) falls within the drive zone. Additionally, all contiguous counties will be classified as part of the labor market with the exception of non-Kentucky contiguous counties which have been excluded by the above mentioned 60-minute drive range and have a border with the Mississippi and/or Ohio Rivers.


Dated Material

This document contains material that is continuously updated on the Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development's website.
For the most current information for this community please visit:



David Stipes
Executive Director
Richmond Industrial Development Corporation
239 West Main Street
PO Box 250
Richmond, KY 40476-0250
Phone: 859-623-1000
FAX: 859-623-7618


Amy Bowman
Project Coordinator
Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development
Old Capitol Annex
300 West Broadway
Frankfort, KY 40601 USA

Phone: 502-564-7670 ext. 22001
Fax: 502-564-3256
Web: http:///



Quick Facts

  Industrial Electric Cost Per KWH, 2017
Kentucky $0.0558
U.S. $0.0691


Statistical Summary
  Population 2017
Madison County 91,226
Labor Market Area 753,907
Per Capita Personal Income 2016 $33,139
Median Household Income 2016 $43,707
Median Home Price 2016 $153,000
  Unemployment Rate 2017
Madison County 4.3%
Labor Market Area 4.2%
U.S. 4.4%
  Average Weekly Wage 2017
Madison County $744
Labor Market Area $842
U.S. $1,042






Selected Market Centers

Percent of U.S. Within 600 Miles of Richmond


Personal Income

Retail Sales

Manufacturing Employment

Highway Distance to Selected Market Centers
    City Miles   City Miles   City Miles  
  1. Atlanta, GA 356 11. Dallas, TX 884 21. Nashville, TN 227  
  2. Baltimore, MD 539 12. Detroit, MI 370 22. New Orleans, LA 741  
  3. Birmingham, AL 400 13. Houston, TX 1,068 23. New York, NY 712  
  4. Boston, MA 921 14. Indianapolis, IN 214 24. Norfolk, VA 577  
  5. Buffalo, NY 542 15. Jacksonville, FL 694 25. Oklahoma City, OK 857  
  6. Charlotte, NC 374 16. Kansas City, MO 605 26. Omaha, NE 796  
  7. Chicago, IL 394 17. Lexington, KY 24 27. Philadelphia, PA 635  
  8. Cincinnati, OH 109 18. Louisville, KY 101 28. Pittsburgh, PA 395  
  9. Cleveland, OH 355 19. Memphis, TN 430 29. St. Louis, MO 363  
  10. Columbus, OH 215 20. Minneapolis, MN 802 30. Wichita, KS 802  
  Population Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, 2008 population estimate
Personal Income Source: 2007 Regional Economic Accounts, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), US Dept of Commerce
Retail Sales Source: 2002 Economic Census, US Census Bureau
Manufacturing Employment Source: 2007 County Business Patterns, US Census Bureau
Highway Distance Source: ESRI Arcview StreetMap, 2007





Available Industrial Sites
Click on a site point for details
      Min. Distance To  
    Site ID Site Name Total Ac. Largest Possible Tract Rail Interstate/Parkway Airport  
  Shovel-ready 151-001 Richmond Industrial Park South III 187 187 No 2.5 36  





Available Industrial Buildings
Click on a building point for details
  Bldg. ID Building Name Square Feet Ac. Min. Ceiling Ht. Rail  
  151-046 320 324 Cycle Drive 12,700 N/A 17.0' minimum No  
Note: A "+" symbol following the building name denotes a secondary building.
Special Purpose Buildings







  Total Population  
    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017  
  Labor Market Area 724,250 730,456 738,503 746,136 753,907  
  Madison County 86,062 87,218 88,276 89,547 91,226  
  Source: U.S.  Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Estimates.  

  Population by Selected Age Groups, 2017  
    Madison County Labor Market Area  
Number Percent Number Percent  
  Under 16 16,918 18.5 148,010 19.6  
  16-24 18,453 20.2 108,193 14.4  
  25-44 22,127 24.3 199,525 26.5  
  45-64 21,482 23.5 190,527 25.3  
  65-84 10,896 11.9 95,761 12.7  
  85 and older 1,350 1.5 11,891 1.6  
  Median Age 34.2   37.1    
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.  

  Population by Race and Hispanic Origin, 2017  
    Madison County Labor Market Area  
Number Percent Number Percent  
  White 83,715 91.8 654,032 86.8  
  Black or African American 4,225 4.6 64,577 8.6  
  Am. Indian & Alaska Native 327 0.4 2,434 0.3  
  Asian 1,002 1.1 16,874 2.2  
  Native Hawaiian & other Pacific Islander 50 0.1 458 0.1  
  Other/Multirace 1,907 2.1 15,532 2.1  
  Hispanic Origin 2,226 2.4 36,254 4.8  
  Note: Hispanic is not a race category. A person can be white, black or African American, etc. and be of hispanic origin.
Source: U.S.  Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.

  Population Projections  
    2020 2025 2030 2035  
  Madison County 91,774 95,773 99,688 103,064  
  Source:  Kentucky State Data Center, University of Louisville.  

  Per Capita Personal Income 2015  
    2011 2016 Pct. Change  
  Madison County $28,677 $33,139 15.6 %  
  Kentucky $33,989 $38,926 14.5 %  
  U.S. $41,560 $49,246 18.5 %  
  Labor Market Area Range $20,923- $41,755 $25,395- $45,025    
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis.  

    2016 2016  
  Number of Households Persons Per Household Median Household Income  
  Madison County 32,409 2.50 $43,707  
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census.  








  Civilian Labor Force  
    Madison County Labor Market Area  
  2017 Oct. 2018 2017 Oct. 2018  
  Civilian Labor Force 45,448 46,562 376,817 382,320  
  Employed 43,494 44,765 361,039 368,062  
  Unemployed 1,954 1,797 15,778 14,258  
  Unemployment Rate (%) 4.3 3.9 4.2 3.7  
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  
  Unemployment Rate (%)  
  Year Madison County Labor Market Area Kentucky U.S.  
  2013 6.8 7.1 8.3 7.4  
  2014 5.4 5.5 6.5 6.2  
  2015 4.4 4.5 5.4 5.3  
  2016 4.1 4.1 5.0 4.9  
  2017 4.3 4.2 4.9 4.4  
  Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.  
  Commuting Patterns  
  Residents of Madison County 2015 Percent  
  Working and Residing In County 15,407 46.1  
  Commuting Out of County 18,000 53.9  
  Total Residents 33,407 100.0  
  Employees in  
  Working and Residing In County 15,407 48.8  
  Commuting Into County 16,193 51.2  
  Total Employees 31,600 100.0  
  Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Journey-To-Work & Migration Statistics Branch.  
  Note: Data for Kentucky and its border states only.  


  Average Weekly Wage, 2017  
    Madison County Kentucky
 Total All Industries$744$845$1,042 
 Total Private Industries7348651,064 
 Natural Resources and Mining1,0861,0491,086 
 Trade, Transportation and Utilities547789881 
 Financial Activities7721,2361,752 
 Professional and Business Services9569311,377 
 Education and Health Services770906940 
 Leisure and Hospitality272327441 
 Other Services and Unclassified477626734 
  Source: JobsEQ, Chmura Economics.  




Education & Training



  Four-Year Colleges and Universities Within 60 Miles of Richmond  
  Institutions engaged in furnishing academic courses and granting degrees at baccalaureate or graduate levels.  
  Miles Institution Location Enrollment
(Fall 2016)
  Eastern Kentucky University  Richmond  16,881  
  11  Berea College  Berea  1,665  
  22  Asbury Theological Seminary  Wilmore  1,574  
  22  Asbury University  Wilmore  † 1,854  
  23  Indiana Wesleyan University - Lexington Education Center  Lexington  N/A  
  23  Lexington Theological Seminary  Lexington  77  
  23  Sullivan University, Lexington Campus  Lexington  N/A  
  23  Transylvania University  Lexington  963  
  23  University of Kentucky  Lexington  29,781  
  27  Centre College  Danville  1,430  
  27  Eastern Kentucky University, Danville Campus  Danville  N/A  
  29  Morehead State University at Mt. Sterling  Mt. Sterling  N/A  
  35  Georgetown College  Georgetown  1,526  
  35  Midway University  Midway  1,194  
  44  Kentucky State University  Frankfort  1,736  
  50  Eastern Kentucky University, Manchester Campus  Manchester  N/A  
  56  Eastern Kentucky University, Corbin Campus  Corbin  N/A  
  56  Morehead State University  Morehead  10,746  
  57  Morehead State University at West Liberty  West Liberty  N/A  
      Total Enrollments 69,427  
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance, not highway miles.
† Denotes enrollment for entire institution, including branch campuses; otherwise, enrollment is for specified campus.
Source:  Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development.

  Two-Year Colleges Within 60 Miles of Richmond  
  Institutions engaged in furnishing academic, or academic and technical, courses and granting associate degrees, certificates, or diplomas below the baccalaureate level.  
  Miles Institution Location Enrollment
(Fall 2016)
  American National University - Richmond KY Campus  Richmond  140  
  18  Bluegrass Community & Technical College, Winchester - Clark Co. Campus  Winchester  N/A  
  23  American National University- Lexington KY Campus  Lexington  681  
  23  Bluegrass Community & Technical College, Cooper Campus  Lexington  9,940  
  23  Bluegrass Community & Technical College, Leestown Campus  Lexington  N/A  
  23  Bluegrass Community & Technical College, Newtown Pike Campus  Lexington  N/A  
  23  Spencerian College, Lexington Campus  Lexington  74  
  27  American National University - Danville KY Campus  Danville  105  
  27  Bluegrass Community & Technical College, Danville Campus  Danville  N/A  
  29  Maysville Community & Tech College, Montgomery Campus  Mt. Sterling  N/A  
  35  Bluegrass Community & Technical College, Advanced Manufacturing Center  Georgetown  N/A  
  39  Bluegrass Community & Technical College, Lawrenceburg Campus  Lawrenceburg  N/A  
  44  Maysville Community & Tech College, Licking Valley Campus  Cynthiana  N/A  
  44  Somerset Community College, Laurel North Campus  London  N/A  
  46  Somerset Community College, Casey Center  Liberty  N/A  
  49  Somerset Community College, Somerset North Campus  Somerset  † 6,621  
  51  Elizabethtown Community & Tech. College, Springfield Campus  Springfield  N/A  
  52  Hazard Community & Technical College, Lees College Campus  Jackson  N/A  
  56  Maysville Community & Technical College, Rowan Campus  Morehead  N/A  
      Total Enrollments 17,561  
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance, not highway miles.
† Denotes enrollment for entire institution, including branch campuses; otherwise, enrollment is for specified campus.
Source:  Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development.

  Kentucky Technical Schools Within 60 Miles of Richmond  
    Enrollment (2016-2017)  
  Miles Institution Location Sec P/S Total  
  Madison County ATC  Richmond  808 N/A 808  
  18  Garrard County ATC  Lancaster  368 N/A 368  
  18  Jessamine Career and Technology Center  Nicholasville  3338 N/A 3338  
  18  Clark County ATC  Winchester  689 N/A 689  
  23  Eastside Technical Center  Lexington  820 N/A 820  
  23  Southside Technical Center  Lexington  438 N/A 438  
  25  Lincoln County ATC  Stanford  407 N/A 407  
  26  Rockcastle County ATC  Mount Vernon  436 N/A 436  
  27  Jackson County ATC  McKee  477 N/A 477  
  29  Montgomery County ATC  Mt. Sterling  657 N/A 657  
  30  Hughes Jones Harrodsburg ATC  Harrodsburg  255 N/A 255  
  34  Lee County ATC  Beattyville  469 N/A 469  
  35  Elkhorn Crossing School  Georgetown  885 N/A 885  
  44  Harrison County ATC  Cynthiana  1098 N/A 1098  
  44  Franklin County Career and Technical Center  Frankfort  892 N/A 892  
  46  Casey County ATC  Liberty  514 N/A 514  
  49  Pulaski ATC  Somerset  428 N/A 428  
  50  Clay County ATC  Manchester  345 N/A 345  
  52  Breathitt County ATC  Jackson  443 N/A 443  
  54  Marion County ATC  Lebanon  916 N/A 916  
  56  Corbin ATC  Corbin  483 N/A 483  
  57  Morgan County ATC  West Liberty  635 N/A 635  
      Total Enrollments 15,801     15,801   
  Note: Miles are calculated as straight-line distance; not highway miles.  Kentucky Tech secondary schools, called Area Technology Centers (ATC), are operated by the Department of Education, Office of Career and Technical Education. Other secondary schools are operated locally by public school districts. Secondary student enrollment is listed under Sec, and post-secondary student enrollment is listed under P/S.
Source:  KY Cabinet for Workforce Development; KY Dept. of Education.




Business & Industry



  Summary of Recent Locations and Expansions, 2016-Present  
    Companies Jobs Investment  
 Manufacturing Location3185$3,152,910 
 Manufacturing Expansion11222$107,290,000 
 Service & Technology Location00$0 
 Service & Technology Expansion00$0 
  Click here for detailed location and expansion information.
Note: Totals include announced locations and expansions.
Source: Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development (December 19, 2018).
  Employment by Major Industry by Place of Work, 2017  
    Madison County Labor Market Area  
  Employment Percent Employment Percent  
 Total All Industries36,191100.0376,483100.0 
 Total Private Industries25,92371.6287,31176.3 
 Natural Resources and Mining720.24,9611.3 
 Trade, Transportation and Utilities5,00413.866,51417.7 
 Financial Activities8112.211,7773.1 
 Professional and Business Services3,4709.647,31512.6 
 Education and Health Services4,45912.343,94111.7 
 Leisure and Hospitality4,26211.839,72610.6 
 Other Services and Unclassified6991.98,2052.2 
  Source: JobsEQ, Chmura Economics.  
  Top 20 by Employment  
  Firm Product(s)/Service(s) Emp. Year
 AGC Glass Co NAAutomotive glass1681997 
 Asahi Bluegrass Forge CorporationAutomotive press forging, gears, bearings, joints512012 
 Asahi Forge of America CorporationHot forge manufacturing for the automotive industry722003 
 B & H Tool Works IncA full service tooling, machining, stamping, and fabrication job shop. Capabilities include CNC, EDM, and laser machining. Progressive and hand transfer stamping capabilities1001978 
 Blue Grass Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot PlantBechtel Parsons Blue Grass, a joint venture, is a systems contracted selected by DOD's PEO Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternative program to design, build, systemize, test, operate, and close a facility to destroy chemical weapons stockpiles.2202003 
 Concrete Materials Co LLCManufacture and sell ready-mixed concrete and precast products: brick, mortar, steel and a wide array of building materials.471931 
 ConduentProvide business processing solutions.1122001 
 EnerSysLead acid industrial batteries5201976 
 Framebridge IncManufactures picture frames, provides framing of art by iPhone application, and shipping.582016 
 Gill IndustriesAutomotive stamping2182004 
 Kokoku Rubber IncCompression and injection molding of rubber components incl. syringe stoppers, auto. seals, gaskets, o-rings and belts for bus. m/c's.1191988 
 Lectrodryer LLCDesigns and manufactures desiccant dryers and purification systems for the removal of humidity and other impurities from air, gases and liquids561932 
 Petro Towery IncPetroleum equipment parts, sales, service, and installation441992 
 Precision Tube IncTube fabricating, wire forming, forklift components and CNC machining631979 
 Qualex MachiningMetal turning, threading, grooving, milling, drilling, tapping and welding1751994 
 Quanex Building ProductsVinyl extrusions2331995 
 Richmond Auto Parts Technology IncAutomotive transmission gears; chassis components and automatic transmission components1431998 
 Sherwin-Williams CompanyAutomotive coatings & finishes, Thompson's Waterseal woodcare products, military & industrial coatings3601976 
 Sherwin-Williams CompanyDistribution of coatings related products and material for the Sherwin Williams Company.751995 
 The Okonite CompanyInsulated electrical cable2821969 
  Source: Kentucky Cabinet for Economic Development (December 19, 2018).  







  State Property Tax Rates Per $100 Valuation, 2016  
  Selected Class of Property State Rate Local Taxation
  Real Estate $0.1220 Yes  
  Manufacturing Machinery $0.1500 No  
  Pollution Control Equipment $0.1500 No  
      Raw Materials $0.0500 No  
      Goods in Process $0.0500 No  
      Finished Goods $0.0500 Yes  
      Goods-In-Transit Exempt Limited  
  Motor Vehicles $0.4500 Yes  
  Other Tangible Personal Property $0.4500 Yes  
  Source: Kentucky Department of Revenue.  
  Local Property Tax Rates Per $100 Valuation, 2017  
  Taxing Jurisdiction Property Taxes
Per $100 Valuation
  Real Estate Tangibles Motor Vehicles  
  Madison $0.2583 $0.3254 $0.2580    
  Richmond $0.1470 $0.1590 $0.2870    
  School District  
  Berea Independent Schools $0.9250 $0.9250 $0.5910    
  Madison County Schools $0.6250 $0.6250 $0.5580    
  Source: Kentucky Revenue Cabinet.  
  Local Occupational License Taxes, 2017  
  Cities, counties and school districts may levy an occupational license tax on the net profits of businesses and/or on the salaries and wages of employees earned in the jurisdiction. Rates can vary between the two types of occupational license taxes. Occupational license taxes may be levied on businesses as either a flat rate schedule or as a percentage of apportioned net profits or gross receipts. Where both the city and county levy an occupational license tax, a credit may be given, at the option of the local governments, for the amount paid to the city against the occupational license tax of the county. (Consult local jurisdictions for further details.)  
  Taxing Jurisdiction   Tax Rate on
  Tax Rate on
Net Profits/Receipts
  Madison   1.00%   1.00% (on net profits)  
  Richmond   2.00%   2.00% (on net profits)  
  School District  
  Berea Independent Schools   No tax   No tax  
  Madison County Schools   No tax   No tax  
  Source: Occupational Taxes Spreadsheet - Kentucky Secretary of State, Local Tax Listing - Kentucky Personnel Cabinet   




Regulations & Permits


Kentucky Public Protection Cabinet
Department of Housing, Buildings and Construction

Permitting Information:
  Typical Building Permits Responsible Division # of plans Time Frame (Days)  
  Site Plan Building Code Enforcement 1 7-30  
  Building/Life Safety Building Code Enforcement 1 7-30  
  Plumbing Plumbing 3 7  
  Fire Protection Fire Prevention 1 7-30  
  Fire Alarm and Monitoring Fire Prevention 1 7-30  
  Fuel Tanks Fire Prevention
Hazardous Materials Section
1 7  


Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection
Permits, Fees, Regulatory Times, and Contacts

Permitting Program Information:






Utilities Providing Service In Madison County
 East Kentucky Power Cooperative - 859-744-4812 
    Blue Grass Energy Cooperative Corp - 859-885-4191 
    Clark Energy Cooperative - 859-744-4251 
    Inter-County Energy Cooperative - 859-236-4561 
    Jackson Energy Cooperative - 606-287-7161 
 Kentucky Utilities (a PPL company) - 800-383-5582 
    Berea Municipal Utilities - 859-986-4391 
  Natural Gas  
 Columbia Gas of Kentucky Inc - 859-288-0227 
 Delta Natural Gas Company - 859-744-6171 
 Richmond Utilities - 859-623-2323 
  Treatment Information (gallons per day) Capacity Avg. Flow Excess  
 Berea Municipal Utilities - 859-986-4391 
 J.C. Chambers Wastewater Treatment Plant4,300,0003,296,0001,004,000 
 Richmond Utilities - 859-623-2323 
 Richmond Otter Creek STP8,000,0004,952,0003,048,000 
 Richmond Utilities - Silver Creek STP1,000,000337,000663,000 
  Treatment information provided by Division of Water, 502-564-3410
  System Information (gallons per day) Capacity Avg. Use Excess  
 Berea Municipal Utilities - 859-986-43916,000,0002,945,8693,054,131 
 Garrard County Water Association Inc - 859-792-4501N/AN/AN/A 
 Madison County Utilities/Kingston-Terrill - 859-624-1735N/AN/AN/A 
 Richmond Utilities - 859-623-232312,000,0007,090,2604,909,740 
  System information provided by Division of Water, 502-564-3410  




Quality of Life



  General Kentucky Quality of Life Information  
  Median Home Price (2016): Madison County - $153,000 for 617 homes  
  Source: KY Department of Revenue. Data based on sales for last six months of year indicated.  
  Normal (30-year record) 55.5 degrees  
  Average Annual, 2017 58 degrees  
  Record Highest, July 2012 (73-year record) 105 degrees  
  Record Lowest, January 1963 (73-year record) -21 degrees  
  Normal Heating Degree Days (30-year record) 4,611  
  Normal Cooling Degree Days (30-year record) 1,190  
  Normal (30-year record) 45.17 inches  
  Mean Annual Snowfall (30-year record) 13 inches  
  Total Precipitation, 2017 49.17 inches  
  Mean Number of Days Precipitation (0.01 inch or more) (30-year record) 129.8  
  Mean Number of Days Thunderstorms (70-year record) 39.7  
  Prevailing Winds South  
  Relative Humidity (30-year record)    
  1 a.m. 79 percent  
  7 a.m. 83 percent  
  1 p.m. 61 percent  
  7 p.m. 66 percent  
  Note: Heating degree day totals are the sums of positive departures of average daily temperature from 65 degrees F.  Cooling degree day totals are the sum of negative departures of average daily temperature from 65 degrees F.
Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, National Climatic Data Center, Local Climatological Data, 2017.
Station of record: Blue Grass Airport, Lexington, KY.
  Public School District Enrollments, 2016-2017  
    Total Enrollment Pupil To Teacher Ratio  
  Berea Independent Schools 1,092 13.7  
  Madison County Schools 11,487 16.8  
  Source: Kentucky Department of Education, Office of Assessment and Accountability.